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台湾高铁 今日全线正常营运

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用户是基石,是流量源,是滋生生态上其他角色的土壤,生态需要给用户提供解决用户需求的基础功能框架。

画面太美,不好想象。失业一年的女性国道收费员幸好参加基隆就业中心的辅导,顺利考上「丙级会计证照,她表示事业第二春对家庭或个人都带来无限的光明与希望。

《ThreeDays》关注度如此火爆的原因还有孙贤周、JYJ成员朴有天的加盟,两人分别饰演总统和警卫员,再加上苏怡贤、尹载文、崔元英等实力派演员的热力加盟。

在iOS8.3开发者测试版中,有一些新的变化,例如允许用户不输入密码即可下载应用商店中的免费应用。他们审议了Holder的报告,该报告不仅详细描述了公司发生的一系列性骚扰事件,还提到了不守法的企业文化,体系性将遵守规则视同为官僚主义和失败。

这不仅是一份文件,更是教案。

鹿谷乡农会林总干事及县农会总干事曾明瑞感谢县长施政用心和县府团队的行政效率,让农产销售能加快时程,以前送中央审件最起码就需要72个工作天,现在由县府审件只要14个工作天,无论对农民业者或农会都是一大福音。(ChineseVersion)Editor』sNote:Sinceitisnotenoughtomerelyliveourownlife,weallneedapoeticworld.Weallneedstoriesbecausetheycaneitherbringusfeelings(suchasromance,magnificence,dangerandexcitement,etc.)weneverhavetheopportunitytoexperienceinourownlives,orshedlightonourpainswhencaughtintrouble.Agoodstory,weavedthroughscreenwriters』imaginationaswellascommonsense,canevenleadourwaytoseektruthanddigouttheessenceoflife.InTMTPostPhotoGallery047,weinvitedsevenChinesescreenwriterstosharetheirexperiencesandthoughtswithourreaders.SomeofthemhavealreadyleftanameinthehistorywithsomepopularTVseries,othershavewrittenseveralpopularshortinternetbigTVseriesorfilms,whiletherestarestillbusywritingplaystomakealiving…Whatstoriesdothesestory-tellershave(Excerpt)1ThreeprerequisitesofbeingagoodscreenwriterZhengZhong,screenwriterofPalaceofDesireandRipeTangerinesTMTPost:We』venotseenyourworksforthepastfewyears.WhatareyouuptoZhengZhong(hereafterreferredtoasZheng):Well,allkindsofthings,suchasholdingPartyandexperimentingnewtypesofvideos.BypreparinglotsofmachinesatParty』shall,weturnedthehallintoanexperimentalperformancevenue.Notknowingthattheyareactuallyactors,participantswouldfollowourclues,programsandpathsandmaketheirowndecisions.Theentireprocesswillbesecretlyrecorded,andtheneditedintonarrativescenesundercertainsubjects.Basically,Ihavebeenoccupiedwithallkindsofcreativeandexperimentalprojectsinordertonotonlyletotherpeoplehavefun,butalsoentertainmyself.Forme,creativityisthefoundationofeverything.TMTPost:ItseemsthattheyhavenothingtodowithscreenwritingZheng:Infact,IhavealwaysbeenwritingplaysandstoriesIaminterestedin,aswellasreadingothers』storiesandplaysinordertofigureoutthecurrentsituation,whateverybodyisthinkingabout,andmoreimportantly,whatIamthinkingabout.TMTPost:Marketsituation,forexampleZheng:Forsure,marketsituationisacrucialaspect,sinceourultimategoalistoletpeopleacceptourstories,havefunandevengetinspired.Todoso,it』snaturalthatwehavetoexperienceandappreciatetheworldaseverybodyelsedoes.TMTPost:DoyouthinkthatratingsonDoubanwillhavenegativeimpactondomesticfilmsZheng:Doubanratings,reachedbythousandsofnewintellectuals,arepreciousandhonest,whichisraretoseeinthisworld.Beinghonestisthemostpreciousqualityofanintellectual,soDoubanratingsshouldcontinuetoexist.Withoutconcreteevidence,it』shardtobehonestandreallyunderstandsomething.Otherwise,it』slikecheatingyourselfandlivinginafakeworld.TMTPost:WhatelsehaveyoubeendoingrecentlyZheng:Ihavebeenwritingastorythat』sbothclassicandmodern.TMTPost:WhatthoughtshavelingeredinyourmindmostrecentlyZheng:WhatIhavekeptinmymindishowtointerweavemetaphysicalthoughtsintophysicalnarrativesthatrelatetoaudiencemoreInotherwords,what』sthemeaningofwritingastoryandturningitintoaplayIwantmyaudiencetorealizesomethingtheydon'tknowbeforeafterwatchingmystories.Forme,it』smoreadvancedaesthetics.Ibelieveagoodworkorstoryhavetostrikeagoodbalancebetweenphysicalnarrativesandmetaphysicalthoughts.Inotherwords,metaphysicalthoughtshavetobenaturallydrawnthroughphysicalnarratives.Sincescreenwritershavetoberesponsibleforthestory,careaboutothers』sufferingsandproblems,it』snaturalthatwehavetohidemetaphysicalthoughtsinstories,thoughinawaythatcanbeacceptedbytheaudience.Agoodstoryhastosatisfypeople』smentalneedsandletpeopleseeman』snature,blood,actions,strongcharacters,loveorevensex,etc.TMTPost:WillloveandsexbecontradictivesometimesinyourwritingZheng:Absolutelyno.Forme,Ithinktheyarecomplementary,justlikelife.Sexcanbetransitionedintolove,whilelovecanalsoleadtosex.Tosomedegree,loveandsexareinseparableinourlives.TMTPost:WillthemarketinfluencescreenwritersovertheattempttointegratephysicalnarrativesandmetaphysicalthoughtsZheng:Ifso,thentheattemptwillturnoutinfailure.Ideally,thereshouldn』tbeanycontradiction.Othersshouldbeabletonotonlyidentifyyourthemeandthethoughtsyouaretryingyouconveythroughthestory,butalsoappreciateaseriesofdetailsaswellasclevernessyouincludedinthestory.Ipractice,however,somepeoplemightnoticesomesortofcontradiction:forexample,whenyouputtoomuchemphasisonmarketresponseandincludelotoffunnyjokesinyourstory,peoplemayfindnopointofwatchingitsinceit』sjustlikeastackofjokesputtogether.Asascreenwriter,wehavetomakesurethatouraudiencecannotonlyrelaxandentertainthemselvesthroughthestory,butalsounderstandsceneswhereintensefeelingsareinvolved.Besides,theplothastodevelopinawaynotonlyaboveaverageintelligence,butalsoreasonable.Foraudience,theyarealsoconstantlyfindingtheperfectmatch.Althoughitseemsthattherearecontradictionsonthesurface,Ibelieveit』sjustillusion,sincefundamentallythereshouldn』tbeanycontradiction.TMTPost:WhatwouldyoudowhenyouhavenoinspirationsZheng:Iwilljustwaitforawhile,sincethere』snothingelseIcando.Itisaverytrickymoment.Basically,aslongasyouarepatienttowaitforawhile,benottooanxious,ordosomethingelse,suchasdevelopingarelationship,youwillgraduallyrecover.Inspirationcomesfromlife.Ifyourlifeisinamessandawfullydull,thenhowcanyouhaveimaginationandinspirationIfyouarealwayswritingplayswithoutleadingacolorfullife,yourmusewilldesertyousomeday.TMTPost:WhatmakesagoodscreenwriterZheng:Aboveall,lotsofskillsareinvolvedinwritingaplay.Althoughtherearesomanytextbooks,fewpeoplecansuccessfullyapplytheoriestotheirwriting.Afterall,writingaplayisnotaneasyprocess,sinceyouarenotsimplytalkingandspeakingyourmind.Instead,youaretellingastory,soyouhavetoappreciateyourstoryfromtwoaspects:thestory-tellerandthelistener.Inotherwords,it』snotsimplytellingastory,becauseyouhavetotakeintoconsiderationiftheaudiencecanbedrawnbyyourstoryandandpayfullattentiontoyourstoryforanhourandahalforeventwohours.Todoso,lotsoftechniqueshavetobeadopted,suchaspacing,sequence,plotdevelopmentandlogic,etc.Secondly,youhavetomakeitclearwhatmessageyouwanttoconveytoaudience.AreyouaresponsiblepersonWhat』syourattitudetoothersasastory-tellerToadegree,everybodyiscaughtinaquagmire.Whatagoodstorycandoitcreatetheopportunitytoleavethequagmireandrelaxforawhile.Anevenbetterstory,however,canevenhelpyoufigureoutanotherwayofthinkingtofacethequagmire.Atlast,agoodscreenwriterhastobewellpreparedintellectually.Inclassicalsense,agoodscreenwriterhastostudypsychology.Everybodyhashisorherownunderstandingtowardslife.However,asascreenwriter,youhavetoseethingsinamoreaccuratemanner.Todoso,youhavetomastersomeprofessionaltoolsandmethods.Therefore,youmighthavetoknowalittlebitaboutpsychology,sothatyoucanseethenatureofaproblemmoreclearlythanordinarypeopleandevenhelppeoplesolvetheirproblemsinreallife.Maybeyouhavetoknowalittlebitaboutphilosophyandsociology.Onlythencanyougetridoftraditionalwaysofthinkingandhelppeopleseetheirlivesmoreclearly,inanotherdimensionthroughyourstory.Thesearebasicallywhatmakeagoodscreenwriter:skillsandtechniques,knowledgebackgroundaswellassocialresponsibilityandmoralstandards.Agoodscreenwritermusthavetomotivationtohelpothersandmakeothers』liveseasier.2WritingaplayisaparticularlysolitaryandtangledprocessWangYichun,screenwriterofWhat』sintheDarknessTMTPost:WhoonearthisthemurdererinWhat』sintheDarknessWangYichun(hereafterreferredtoasWang):Findingthemurdererisactuallynotthemostimportantthinginthisstory.WhenIwrotethisstory,Ididn』tassignaspecificmurderer.Instead,Iwantedtousethecold-bloodedmurderertorepresentlotsofthings.Forexample,everybodycouldbeamurdererwhenyougrowupinaperilousworld.TMTPost:Inthestory,therelationshipbetweenthefatherandthedaughtermovedlotsofpeople.What』syourrelationshipwithyourfatherinreallifeWang:Myrelationshipwithmyfatherquiteresemblestherelationshipbetweenthefatherandthedaughterinmystory.Myfatherisalsowell-educatedbutnotgoodatcommunicatingwithothers.Therefore,hisrelationshipwithpeoplearoundhimaswellashisownkidsarequiteweird.Foralongtime,Ideeplydoubtifweloveeachother.However,whenmyfatherpassedawayin2002,Iwasterriblyatalossforalmostayear.Sincethen,Ibegantohavecompletelydifferentunderstandingtowardslotsofthings.ItwasalsoafterthatyearthatIbegantowritethisstory.TMTPost:AreyoureallyahousewifeWang:Yep,IammarriedandIhavea9-year-oldkid.Inanysense,Iamahousewife.TMTPost:ButmosthousewivesIencounterarequitebusy.Wang:Itonlytakesaboutamonthtoleavebehindmyfamilyandmakeamovie.SoIcanwriteplayswhileaccompanyingmykidsmostofthetime.However,timecouldbefragmented,soperseveranceandstrongself-controlareneededtosticktowriting.TheyareexactlywhatIamlackingin.TMTPost:It』squitecommontogiveupeverythingandredowhenwritingplays.HowdidyoumanagetomaintainconfidenceinwritinginafragmentedlifeWang:Timecost,maybe.Afterall,I』vesparedsomucheffortinwritingtheplay.IfIdidn』tfinishit,allmyeffortswouldturnoutinvain.Therefore,IhavetobeaspatientasIcan.Atthattime,whenmyfriendsinvitedmetohaveacupofcoffeeorgoshoppingwiththem,Ialwaysdeclined,explainingthatIwaswritingaplayasanexcuse.Afterawhile,fearingthattheywouldthinkIwascrazy,IwouldnotmentionthatIwaswritingaplay,butexplainthatIjustwanttostayathomewithoutgoinganywhere,thoughIspentmostofthetimenotknowingwhattowrite.Thiswasthehardestpartformeinwritingaplay.Noteverybodycouldsurvivesuchpain.It』saprocesssosolitaryandtangled.However,Ineverthoughtofgivingup.Instead,IoftentoldmyselfthatIhadtofinishtheplaywhateverittook.Whetherotherpeoplelikedmyplayornotwasanothermatter.Aboveall,Ihadtofinishit.ThiswasthebasicrequirementIsetformyself.TMTPost:DiditreallytakeadecadetowriteWhat』sintheDarknessWang:IamalmostembarrassedsinceIamoftenremindedofthisfact.It』snotthatIwastoodemandingovermywork,butthatIwastoolazy.Oftentimes,Ihadtostopwritinganddosomethingelse.However,IneverforgotwritingandwouldresumewritingonceIfoundtime.WhenIalmostcompletedtheplay,Idecidedtostartmakingthefilm.TMTPost:CanyoubrieflydescribeyourwritingprocessForexample,howwillyoucollectdataandstoriesWang:Forexample,Ihavetowriteaboutananny』slifeinarecentstory.AlthoughIcanwritealotofdetailswhenIthinkasanemployer,Idon'tknowwhatlifelookslikeforananny.SoIhavebeenthinkingaboutfindinganopportunitytoexperiencethelifeofananny.TMTPost:Therearebothpraiseandcriticismoveryourwork.Willyoubothertoreadinternetusersorfilmcritics』commentsWang:Ofcourse,it』sinevitable.TMTPost:WilltheircommentsaffectyouWang:Iwon』tgetmadwhenIseedifferentvoices.Instead,Ifindmanycommentsappropriate,to-the-pointandevenclosetothingsIregretaboutmyself.However,Idon』tthinkit』susefultoreadtoomanycomments.WhenIstartwritinganewplay,IshallconsiderallthecommentsI』vereadabout.However,thesecommentsareoftencontradictory.WhenIsatisfythisgrouppeople,Imaynotbeabletosatisfythatgroupofpeople.Afterall,Ican』ttakeintoconsiderationoftheneedsofeverybody.Therefore,Iamlessworriedabouttheircommentsandthinkit』snolongernecessarytoreadallthecomments.Forexample,Ireadacommentaryonceandthoughtthewritermustknowveryclearlyaboutmyadvantagesanddisadvantages.However,whenIapproachedhim,Irealizedthatwritingaplayandcommentingonafilmaretotallydifferentandcompletelydifferentskillswereinvolved.TMTPost:Audiencecanunderstandandappreciateyourstory,buttheycan』tparticipateinthewritingprocess.Wang:Yep.Infact,I』vecommunicatedwithmanywell-knowndirectorsoverthismatter.Weallagreethatthere』snoneedtocaretoomuchaboutfilmcomments.Otherwise,youmightnotbeabletofigureoutwhattodoexactly.TMTPost:WillyouchatwithelderscreenwritersandseektheiradviceWang:It』sdifficulttogiveadviceastoaspecificstoryorplay.Everybodyiswritingtheirownstories,andit』ssohardtounderstandothers』stories.Themostimportantthinginmeetingotherscreenwritersisknowingproblemsothershaveencounteredandfiguringoutthatyouarenotalonesinceyou』veallmetthisorthatproblem.Aftersuchconversations,wemayfeelmoreconfident,realizingthatit』snotthatyouaretoostupid,butthatit』sjustthelawofcreativewriting.Forexample,IoncegaveupwritingaplaywhenI』dcompletedtwothirdsofitandfeltsosorry.However,whenawell-knowndirectorlatertoldmethatit』smostlikelyforscreenwriterstogiveupafterfinishingtwothirdsofaplay,Irealizedthatmostscreenwriterswoulddoso,andit』sokayifIjustgaveuponthatplay.TMTPost:HaveyoudevelopedamaturewritingpacethatfitsyoubestWang:Ihaven』tdevelopedaneffectivewritingmodelformyself,andIhaven』tformedaconsistentwritinghabit.Althoughit』sunnecessarytoattachtoomuchimportancetowritingtechniques,wedoneedtosetupawritingstructure.Forexample,thosewell-knownscreenwritersandwriterswouldallsetgoalsforthemselves.Nomattertheylikewhattheyarewritingornot,theyhavetowriteracertainnumberofcharacterseveryday.Whentheyreachedthebottleneck,theyshalljustleavetheproblembehind.Maybetheproblemwillbenaturallysolvedlater,youneverknow.Iknowthesetechniquesforalongtime,thoughIhaven』tappliedthemtomywriting.Eventillnow,Iamstilltoobluntandboldinwriting.WhenIreachedabottleneck,Ishalljustleavemyselftothetortureofnegativefeelings.Evenwhenmyfriendsinvitedmetogooutandhavesomefreshair,Ishalljustdecline,stayathome,andcontinuetowriteuntilIfindthewaytosolvetheproblem.TMTPost:ArethereanychangesthatbecomingaprofessionaldirectorhasbroughttoyouWang:Ididn』tfindmuchdifference.Asalways,Iwouldtakecareofmykids,findtimetowriteplaysandmakethefilmafterfinishingaplay.Asamatteroffact,Idon』texpectthatbecomingadirectorcanbringanyfundamentalchangetome.TMTPost:WhataboutvanityWang:Sortof,butyouhavetoworksohardtoearnit.It』snoeasything.TMTPost:Fundamentally,youarejusttoolazy,isn』titWang:I』mafraidyouareright.3Eventually,screenwriterswillwritesomethingbasedontheirownlifestoriesZhaoZhu,freelancescreenwriterTMTPost:Youhaveaverygoodreputationinthecircle.ZhaoZhu(hereafterreferredtoasZhao):Peoplewho』vecooperatedwithmeallhavethesameopinion:Iamhighlycooperative.Nomatterwhattheyasked,Icouldunderstandwhattheymeantandwriteastheyasked.Besides,Ialwaysknowwhatstuffwillbeacceptedbythemarketmorewillingly.TMTPost:WhendidyoustartwritingplaysHaveyoueverbeencheatedbysomeoneZhao:Younameit.Asascreenwriter,It』stoocommontogetcheated.Afterall,it』sknownthattherearesomanyliarsinthiscircle.Istartedwritingplaysin2012andhavebeenwritingplayssincethen.In2012,Iwroteaplayforafilmwithapartner.Iputsomucheffortinwritingthatplay,wroteandrevisedtheplayforalongperiodoftimeatatearestaurantnearLiangmaBridge,Beijing,butIonlyearned5,000RMBasdeposit.Theproducertooktheplayandweregone.ItwasonlytillthisyearthatIfoundhetookouttheplayandsignedhisownnametotheplay.He』salreadycommissionedacompanytofileforrecordattheStateAdministrationofPress,Publication,Radio,FilmandTelevision.TMTPost:What』sthenameofthefilmZhao:There』snoneed.Ifhehadthegut,thenhecouldjustmakeamovieoutofit.Hehasn』tstartedshootingthefilm,buthe』salreadyfiledforapproval.Maybehewillstartshootingthefilmaftercheatingsomeinvestorsintotheproject.However,Idon』tthinkhecansucceed.It』snotabadplay,butit』salreadyoutoffashion.TMTPost:WhattheplayaboutZhao:Aloserandacelebritylookverymuchalikeandcoincidently,theyhavetotakeuptheother』sidentity.TMTPost:LikeHongKongfilmTwinDragonsZhao:Sortof.It』sacomedy.ItispossibletoearnaboxofficeofovertenmillionRMBifwefoundtherightactorandshootthefilmin2012and2013,eventhirtytofortymillionRMBifwepolishedthedetails.However,nobodyisinterestedinthatthemenow.It』salreadyoutoffashion.TMTPost:WhatelsestorieshaveyouwritteninthepastfewyearsZhao:Ihaveplaystowriteforthefirstfewyears.In2012,Iwroteaplayforafilm.IwroteplaysfortwoTVseriesin2013,amongwhichonewassettobeproducedbyYuanHeping』sstudio.However,helaterputallhiseffortsinshootingCrouchingTiger,HiddenDragon2,soIhadtogiveupontheplay.In2015,Iwroteaplayforanintenetbigfilm.Theinvestorhadplannedtoinvest80millionRMBinafilmaboutSouthChinaconflict,policeandbandit.Basically,itwaslikeanadvancedversionofOperationMekong.Istartedwritingtheplayattheendof2014,revisedittwicein2015andsettledthefinaldraftatthebeginningof2016.AfterOperationMekongsucceededandearned1billionRMBinboxoffice,MinistryofPublicSecuritymightfindthethemeinteresting.Afterall,myplayisfullofpositiveenergy,likeaeulogyofChineseanti-drugandanti-terroristspolicesquad.Therefore,theplaywasapproved.TMTPost:WhathappenedlaterZhao:Thebosshasalreadybeenlookingforinvestmentandhasalreadyregisteredtheproject.Itisexpectedthatwewillshootthefilmin2017.TMTPost:Itissaidthatthestoryincludesawiderangeofthemes.Zhao:ThisiswhyIsayIamverycooperative.Itcouldalsobeaproblemforme.Ididn』tlearnscreenwritingatcollege.Instead,Iamjustquicktolearnnewthings.AslongasIcancollectallthedataIneed,Icanwritesomethingofmyown.Collectingdataislikethebasicrequirementforascreenwriter.TheonlythemeIdarenottouchislove.Asamalescreenwriter,it』shardtograspthemesthatarepurelyfemale.Generallyspeaking,Iamgoodatthemessuchasghosts,monsters,zombies,Taoistpriestsaswellasmalethemessuchaspoliceandbandit,actionsandsuspense.TMTPost:Ifyouarefreetowriteanythingandforyourself,whatkindofstorieswillyouwriteZhao:TheplayIamwritingrightnowissortofsimilartoWhat』sintheDarkness.Basically,Iamstillwritinglifearoundmines,whichisalsomygrow-upenvironment.However,Ishallpackagethestoryinthemessuchasanti-spy,hotbloodandgangfight,etc.Inthenexttwotothreeyears,Ishallfocusmywritingonteenagers』livesinminemountaintownsinthe1990s.TMTPost:Inotherwords,youwillwritemorestuffsbasedonyourownlifeexperience.Zhao:Yep.Eventually,screenwriterswillwritesomethingbasedontheirownlifestories.Onlywhenwritingabouttheirownlifestoriescanscreenwriterssharetheirrealfeelings.However,it』simpossibletosimplyrecordsuchlifejudgingfromthecurrentChinesefilmmarketsituation.However,thedecadeIspentinmineareas,from1990to2000,happenedtowitnessthemostdrasticchangeinChinesesociety.TMTPost:Youalsowroteplaysforlotsofinternetbigfilmsforthepasttwoyears.Zhao:Yep.Oneofthemissoontobereleased,TheTokyoVampire.Basically,it』saboutthelifeofvampiresandhumansfromChinaandJapan,aswellastheconflictsandconspiracyunderneath.Althoughthestoryisquitesimple,thedirectorputmucheffortsinmakingthefilm.TMTPost:YoualsoplayedaroleinthefilmZhao:Yes,Iplayedamonsterking.However,ittooktwohourstodressupandIhadtowearmasksfromheadtotoe.Ourspecialeffectteamwasveryprofessional,andthemaskslookedquitetruetolife.TMTPost:DoyoufindsuchmaterialsabsurdZhao:Thisistypicalofinternetbigfilms.Agoodinternetfilmhastoincludeallsortsofpopularthemes,suchasanimeculture.Forexample,Ioncewatchedaninternetbigfilmwhereafatguyandanugly-lookinggirlacquiredsuperpowerwhensunspotblased,sothatthefatguywouldbecomeattractiveoncehesweated,whilethegirlbecamebeautifulonceshehadtheperiod.Thisisanimeculture,imagination.Therearepeoplewholikesuchstuff,animeculturestuff.TMTPost:WheredosuchcrazyideascomefromZhao:80percentofthemcomefromJapanesecartoons.TMTPost:What』syourcurrentsituationZhao:It』sokayandIcanstrikeagoodbalancebetweenmyworkandlife.Asafreelancescreenwriter,Ihavefixedpartnersandcompanies.Infact,I』vejustfinishedtheplayforaninternetbigfilm,andthedirectorissoontoshootthefilm.TheonlyawkwardthingisthatIhaven』thadanofficialrepresentativeworkofmine.MaybeI』veputtoomucheffortincustomizedplaysanddidn』tcaretoomuchonmyownprojects.Iamnotasanxiousasbefore,andIhaveamorerelaxedattitude.Afterall,Ishalldomybestineverypieceofwork,evenforprojectsIdon』tlike.TMTPost:Bytheway,wheredidyournicknameZhaoZhucomefromZhao:WhenIwasyoung,IusedtoplaytheprimaryofthegameHistoryofThreeKingdoms.Thereweresomeminorbosses,includingZhaoBrothers:ZhaoChuandZhaoSheng(bothchuandshengmeansanimalssuchaspigsinChinese).Therefore,IandmyfriendswouldjustrefertothemasZhaoZhu(zhumeanspigsinChinese).WhenwewerekilledbyZhaoBrothers,theywouldjustventtheirangeronmeandcallmeZhaoZhu,sincemyfamilyisalsoZhu.Gradually,theywouldrefertomeasZhaoZhuevenwhenwearenotplayinggames.SoIalsograduallyacceptedthenicknameZhaoZhuevenchoseitasmypseudonym.4YouwillalwaysbeonestepbehindifyouonlygowiththeflowMr.Man,freelancescreenwriterTMTPost:WhatplayshaveyoubeenbusywritingrecentlyMr.Man:Threeplays:oneforaninternetbigfilm,theotherforaninternetbigTVseries,therestforaTVseries.Thefirstplayisaboutanimeculture,ghostsandmonsters,thesecondiscampuslovestories,whilethethirdoneisaboutthelovestoryofaoverseasstudentinHolland.Atpresent,theonlythemeIhaven'ttouchedishistoryandsuspense.Ionlyadaptedasuspensenovelintoaplayonce.TMTPost:HowdidyoubecomeascreenwriterMr.Man:Thefunversionis:IstartedmakingupstorieswhenIfoundthatIalsohadtomakeupcertaindetailsinreportswhenImajoredinjournalism.Thenormalversionis:mymodernpoetryprofessorincollegeusedtolovefilms.Itishimwholedustothisroadofnoreturn.Underhisinfluence,Ibecamesoartsyandpassionateaboutpoems.WhenIshowedhimsomepoemsIwrote,hechattedwithmeandaskedmewhatfilmsdidIlike.SoItoldhimmyfavoritefilmsandheaskedmeifIwantedtowatchotherfilms.Gradually,IwatchedsomemoviesbyTarkovsky,KieslowskiandAkiraKurosawaandgotinterestedinfilmsinanartisticsense.However,whenIreallyenteredthebusiness,IbegantowatchHollywood』sfilms.Adecadeago,Idisdainwatchingthosefilms,butgraduallyIrealizedhownaveIusedtobeandhowextraordinaryHollywoodfilmswere.TMTPost:DoyoufindagapbetweenmaterialsyouwanttowriteaboutandyouaresupposedtowriteaboutMr.Man:WhenIjustenteredthebusiness,Iwouldthinkso.Atpresent,however,Iwouldn』thavesuchidea,becauseIcanstilldeterminehowastorygoesandhowdifferentrolesreacttoconflictsevenifIhaveafixedstorystructure.AslongasIamwritingastory,IwillbewritingsomethingIwanttowritemyself.ItisalsopossiblethatIonlyacceptcustomizedprojectsIaminterestedinandrefusethoseIdon'twanttowriteabout.Therefore,Idon'tfindanygapbetweenthingsIamsupposedtowriteandIwanttowriteabout.TMTPost:WhatstuffwillyouwriteaboutifyoucanwriteforyourselfMr.Man:It』stoounrulyanideaforme.Iwouldwanttowritethingsformyselfadecadeago,butnotnow.Still,therearethingsIreallywanttowriteabout,suchasunplannedbirthandbirthcontrol.Althoughthethemerelatestomeaswellaslotsofpeoplebornfrom1985to1990,Iguess,itmightnotbecommerciallysuccessful.Toletordinarypeopleacceptthethememorewillingly,Ihavetopackageitinacomedian.TMTPost:WhatkindofscreenwriterdoyouthinkyouareConcentratedincertainareasCooperativeImaginativeMr.Man:Iagreewiththelattertwo.Well,Ihavebecomehighlycooperativeaftertheseyears.Atfirst,IhadmyownthoughtsandthingsIwanttoexpress.Atpresent,however,IshalldoeverythingIcantomeetothers』needs.Idon』tknowifitisagoodthingornot.WhenIjustenteredthebusiness,IthoughtIknewbetterhowtowriteaplaythanproducersorsponsors.However,Igraduallyfoundthatitwaspossibletorevisetheplayandmakeitbetterbasedonsponsors』advice.It』slikelythatIhavesuchfeelingsbecausethesponsorsIworkwitharemorereliable.WhenIjustenteredthebusiness,therecouldbeadvicequiteunreliable,andtherewouldbepeoplewhotoldmethatwhatyouthinkdoesn』tmatter,becausewhatIthinkmattersmost.However,nosponsorwhosaysuchthingtomeatpresent.Sometimes,IfindthatmyplaywouldworkbetterifIfollowtheiradvice.TMTPost:WhatyouropiniontowardsthemarketMr.Man:Idiscussedthisissuewithsomefriendsseveraldaysago.Tobehonest,Idon'tthinkit』snecessarytobothertopredictwhatwillbefashionableinthenextfewyears.Fundamentally,humanbeingshavesharedfeelingsandtheirinterestsarealwaysaboutfood,drink,loveandsex.Youwillalwaysbeonestepbehindifyouonlygowiththeflow.WhynotjustfocusontheIPyouareworkingonIt』slikelythatwhenyoufinishedyourwork,thetimewillberipetowinovertheaudience.Ireallythinkitunnecessarytopredictwhattheaudience』spreferences.ManyscreenwritersmightbetrappedinsuchstereotypesandblindlyfollowsuperIPswhenwritingtheirownplays.TMTPost:What』sthebestwritingexperienceyou』veeverhadMr.Man:Forexample,therewasoncewhenIdelayedhandinginmyplayseveraltimesandtheproducerwasalsopatienttowaitforme,sincemyplayhadfarexceededtheirexpectation.Whenwritingthatplay,itseemedthatallthoseconversationsandplotshadnothingtodowithme,sincetheyalmostemergednaturally.AllIneededtodoistypeonmycomputersandthecontentwillflowtomykeyboardsbyitself.Everycharacterhadthingstheyhadtotalkabout,andtheydidn』tcomefromme.However,whenIhadtomakeupeverysentenceandplotbymyself,itreallysucked.TMTPost:DoyoufindanyofyourworkssatisfactoryMr.Man:TheplayIamwritingrightnow.SinceIamstillwritingit,Icertainlythinkit』sbetterthanthepreviousplay.Iamalwaysmoreattentiveandtakemorepainswhenwritingthenextplay.There』sneverapointwhereIwouldstoptakingpainswhenwriteplays.TMTPost:WhathasbeenmotivatingyoutodosoMr.Man:Apersonalwaysneedstofindawaytocommunicatewiththeworld.Forme,Icommunicatewiththeworldthroughwordsorpictures.Withoutthem,Idon』tknowwhereIbelongorIcan』texpressmyself.Wordsandpicturesmattersomuchtome.HowcanInotputmyheartandsoulinit5Therealworldismadeupwithcoincidences,misunderstandingsandviolenceBuXiaohi,screenwriterofDiorsManTMTPost:Youusedtobeajokewriter.HowdidyouendupbecomingascreenwriterBuXiaoshi(hereafterreferredtoasBu):Ididn』tmeantoenterthisbusiness.Foralongtime,Iworkedasprojectmanagerinadesigncompany.Writingjokeswasonlyahobbyforme.SinceIhavelotsofdesignerstoworkforme,Ihavelotsoftimetohavefun.Atfirst,IwouldsendcynicalcommentsonTwitter.Later,IturnedtoSinaWeibo.However,whileIcansayanythingonTwitter,lotsofmyinappropriatecommentswillbedeletedbySinaWeibo.Insomecases,mySinaWeiboaccountsmightevenbeshutdown.Uptillnow,fourtofiveofmySinaWeiboaccountshavealreadybeenshutdown.Gradually,Igaveupsendingcynicalcommentssincetheyweretoosensitivesometimes.Asalternative,Iturnedtojokes.Atthattime,therewereaninternetdailycalledShortFunthatincludedmyjokesinitsdailyposts.IcouldearntenyuanforeachjokethatwasselectedbyShortFun,soIgraduallygotasenseofachievement.Iwassoproudthatmyjokeswereselectedandreadbysomanypeople.However,IneverexpectthatIwouldmakealivingwithjokes.AfterwritingjokesforDiorsMan,Istartedthinkingwhatcontentswouldbefavorableinthemarketandstartedlearninghowtowritestories.Afterall,Ican』talwayswriteshortjokes.Ibelieveeverykidoncehadthedreamtomakeafilm.WhenDiorsManSeasonTworoseintopopularity,manypeopleapproachedusinordertolearnfromusandrepeatoursucess.Atthattime,Ialsofindmyworkinthedesigncompanyboring.Sinceourprojectsmostlycamefromthegovernment,thereweren』tdemandforourdesign.Governmentofficialsdidn』tunderstanddesignprinciplesandcouldn』ttellifadesignwasgoodornot,soweonlyneededtouseourtemplatesanddominoradjustment.Forexample,aftervisitingDubai,agovernmentofficialtoldustodesignastreetsimilartoDubai』s.WhileDubaiisadesertcitybesidethesea,Erdosisadesertcityscarceofwater.HowcanwecopyaDubaistreet,afountaintoErdosTiredofservingthem,Idecidedtoquit.Sincethen,IbegantowritejokesfortalkshowsatJiangsuSatelliteStationorinternettalkshows.Lateron,IstartedwritingforDiorsMan.In2015,thetidechanged,andpeoplenolongerlovedshortjokes.Wewereatalossforawhile.However,westillneededtomakealiving,sowestartedtryingtowritelongerjokes.Atthattime,Ialsoestablishedanadscompanywithafriendandmadesomeadsandvirusvideostoearnthebread.ItwasuntilthenthatIstartedwritinglongerstuffs.TMTPost:YouwitnessedthepopularityofDiorsMan.Bu:Atthattime,wenoticedaverypopularprograminGermanycalledMrs.Loser.Wetriedtososomethingsimilar.Atthattime,allofusdidn』thaveanyexperience.Ididn』tregardmyselfasascreenwriter.Iwrotejokesjustforfun,soourplaysweremorelikethecombinationofjokes.Gradually,westartedtoselectsomereallygreatjokesandtrytomakeshortvideosoutofit.Atfirst,nobodythoughtitwouldbecomepopular.TherewasnosuchthingasinternetbigTVseriesandwedidn』thavetheresourcestoinvitecelebritiestoplayarole.Asamatteroffact,nobodywasinterestedinit.However,LiuYanhappenedtobeagoodfriendofDapengandvolunteeredtohelpout.SheshotafewclipsandshowedthemtoDengChao,whothenrecommendedSunLitogiveitatry.Therefore,Dapengwouldattractothercelebrities,sayingthat:NowthatLiuYnaandSunLihadalreadyvolunteeredtoplayaroleinourprogram,wouldyougiveitatryDapengreallyhadabusinessbrainandknewwhatittooktomakesomethingpopular.TMTPost:WheredoesyourinspirationcomefromBu:Allkindsofconversations.Yesterday,aphotographersharedhisfive-dayexperienceinprisonwithme,andIfounditsointeresting.Ialwayslovedholdingdinnerpartiesandchattingwithpeopleofallwalksoflife.Ididn』tparticipateinlotsofdinnerpartiesforthepastyear,butinthepast,IwasnicknamedasDinnerPartyKing.Duringthesedinnerparties,Icouldhearpeopleofallwalksoflifesharetheirstories.WhenIfelloutofinspiration,Ishalljustorganizeadinnerpartyandaskmyfriendsout.Sometimes,afriend』swordsduringdinnerpartieswouldhelpmefigureoutmyproblem.Otherpeoplemayfindinspirationbyreadingbooksorsomething,butmywayistoholddinnerpartiesandlistentoothers』stories.TMTPost:What』syouridealstoryBu:MyfavoriteisFargo.Iliketheideaofwitnessingsomethingdispassionately,thoughthestoryissotruethatitcanhappenrightnexttous.Therealworldisnotasbeautifulasweimagined.Instead,it』smadeupwithlotsofcoincidencesandmisunderstandings.IfIamabletodirectafilmbymyself,Ishallmakesuchafilm.Atpresent,however,Ishalljustmanagetofindthesimilaritybetweenmeandmypartneranddosomethingtogether.6Iwon』tbeabletolaughaftermakingotherpeoplelaughHuaYu,screenwriterofUnexpectedness,YesBossandSoulofFoodTMTPost:WhattypeofstoriesisyourfavoriteHuaYu(hereafterreferredtoasHua):Iusedtolovecomedies.ThisisalsowhyIjoinedUniMedia.However,afterthreetofouryears,Ifinditharderandhardertodocomedies.Inaddition,lotsofexperienceisneededtomakeagoodcomedy.Recently,Ihavebeentryingtomakesomethingthat』sclosertolife.TMTPost:LikewhatHua:LiketheTVseriesChineseStyleRelationshipfeaturingMaYiliandChenJianbin.IthinksuchTVseriesaremoredown-to-earthandcanreflectmattersinourlives.Imyselfisalsotryingtowritesomethingfromthisaspect.TMTPost:Whydoyouthinkit』shardertomakeacomedyHua:BasedonmyunderstandingofUniMedia』sfansandaudience,Ifindthatastheywatchmoreandmoreourprogramsandshows,it』shardertomakethemlaugh.Ievenfeelthattheiraesthetictasteisgrowingataspeedfasterthanus.Therewasatimewhenwecanmakeeverylaughwithasimplewordplay.However,thisisimpossiblenow.Therearen』tsomanythingsintheworldthatcanmakepeoplelaugh.Somebodyoncesaidthatit』seasytomakepeoplecry,buthardtomakethemlaugh.Forthepasttwoyears,manyofmycolleaguesaregettingmelancholy.Inthepast,ourconversationsweresofullofjokes.However,whenweputalloureffortsincomediesandmakeeverybodylaugh,wemightreachapointwherewecan』tmakeourselveslaugh.Thismayalsobewhymanycomedianssufferedfromdepressionatlast.Ifyouthinkaboutit,thiscanbequitescary.Whenyoudon'tthinkyouarementallymature,peacefulandexperiencedenough,donotattempttomakecomedians,sinceit』sreallynoeasyanattempt.TMTPost:WillyougetanxiouswhenwritingstuffsHua:Ofcourse.TherearemomentswhenIfeelIhaverunoutofideas,sincemyoutputspeedhassurpassedinputspeed.WhenIspendtoomuchtimewritingjokes(output),Ihavelesstimeabsorbingandlearningnewthings(input).Ifyouarenotwell-prepared,itwillbeboldifyoutrytomakeacomedy.ThisisalsowhyIwon』ttrytomakeanothercomedyinashorttime.Itnotonlywearsmeout,butalsoisirresponsiblefortheaudience.WhethermeorothercolleaguesatUniMediawon』teverytrytomakeouraudiencewitholdjokes.TMTPost:WhathaveyoubeenbusydoingrecentlyHua:AUniMedia』sprojectcalledSoulofFood.It』sacomedypackagedintoafoodprogram.We』vealreadyfiledforrecordonYoukuandtheshowissettobereleasedonSeptember,2017.TMTPost:What』syourresponsibilityintheshowHua:Iamthescreenwriter,theeditor-in-chief.TMTPost:Yourcomedieshavealwaysbeenveryshort.However,themainstreamseemstopreferlongerperiods.ArethereanythingtoadapttothenewtrendHua:Ofcourse.IjustmentionedSoulofFood.Wearesettoproducetwentyepisodesandeachepisodeistolastfortyminutes.Whenwritingtheplay,weencounteredproblemswe』veneverexpectedbefore.Inthepast,wecanuseupallourimaginationinshorterepisodes;now,however,wefindthatjokeswethoughtcrucialinourepisodesmightnotbeasimportantasbefore.Inotherwords,wecan』tmaximizeourstrengths.Thisthethemosturgentproblemwehavetoovercomerightnow.Ofcourse,Iamwellawarethatthisisthebottleneckallscreenwriterswhousedtobegoodatshorterepisodeshaveencountered.Afterbreakingthebottleneck,everythingwillbereadilysolved.7ActingenablesscreenwriterstobetterdealwithdetailsAiJing,screenwriterofUnexpectednessandXiyaXiaTMTPost:HowdidyouendupinthisbusinessAiJing(hereafterreferredtoasAi):WhenIgraduatedin2013,Ifollowedmyparents』advice,wentbacktoSichuanandworkedinabank.However,afternomorethanamonth,Igotsofrustratedanddecidedtoquit.Iwantedtowriteplaysandmakevideos.Duringcollege,Ihavealreadybeenwritingplaysandmakingshortvideos.Atthattime,InoticedthatUniMediawasrecruitingscreenwriters.IlikeditsfounderJiaoshouandsentmyresume.WhenIwasinvitedtohaveaninterview,Ididn』tthinktomuchandwenttoBeijing.Luckily,Ipassedtheinterviewandembarkedonthispath.TMTPost:What』syourunderstandingofscreenwriters』roleAi:Screenwritersarestory-tellers.Themostcomplicatedthingisthatheisnoindependent.ToturnaplayintofilmsorTVseries,ascreenwriterhastocooperatefullywithdirectorsandpostproductionteams.Screenwriterisonlyapartoftheentireprocessandhastobecooperativeenough.TMTPost:What'syourfavoritetypesofstoriesAi:Sitcoms.Atfirst,Ithoughitwaseasyandconvenienttomakesitcomsandagoodplaywasthemostimportantthing.Icouldmaximizemystrengthswithoutworryingtoomuchaboutcost.Lateron,Ifindthatwritingagoodsitcomplayisthemostimportantattemptincreativewriting,sincethescreenwriterhastointegratecomplicatedplots,charactersofdifferentcharactersandfunnylinesallinsimplevenueswithinashortperiodoftime.ThisisfarmoredifficultthanmakinganordinaryTVseriesorprogram.TMTPost:YournewworkXiyaXiaalreadylastsalittlelonger.ArethereanythingtoadaptwhenyoutransitionfromsitcomstolongerepisodesAi:It』smorelikegrowththanadaptationandtransformation.Wedecidedtomakesitcomsbecauseourcompanywasnotbigenough,wecouldn』tfindanycelebrities,sowehadtofindactorswithinourcompany.Sincetheirperformanceskillscan』tbecomparedwithprofessionalactors,wehadtodosomethingthat』sshorterandfast-pacedtohidetheirshortcomings.Wedidn'texpectthatwecouldsucceed.Infact,itcameasatotalsurprise.Afterthesuccess,wewerenotsatisfied,sowewantedtoreallywriteagoodstoryandtellittoouraudience.Todoso,wehavetolearnlotsofthingsandgrowupintoarealcreativewriter.TMTPost:You』veplayedaroleinyoursitcomsbefore.DoyoulikeactingAi:Tobehonest,Idon'tfeellikeacting.Atthattime,ZhizunyualwaysconvincedmethatIhadtoknowsomethingaboutmakingasitcomandgettoknowwhatactorswerethinkingaboutinordertowritesomethingreallygreatandpolishmydetails.That』swhyIplayedarole.TMTPost:DidyoulearnanythingthroughtheexperienceAi:Ilearntalot.Actingwasfun.Forexample,Icanbetterdealwithdetailsinmycreativeexperience,whileIwouldn』tthinktoomuchonactors』pacingandifanactioncanbeachievedinthepast.Besides,Iambetteratdealingwithlines,becauseIwouldconsiderifitwouldbesillyfortheactortosaysomething,ifitwillbemorenaturalifheorsheconveysthesamemessageinanotherway.TMTPostPhotoGallerySpecialcolumnofTMTpostAimingtorecordindividualsandentrepreneursintheInternetindustryPhotosdon』tlie,buttheydon』tellthewholetruthPhotosarefree,butalsofulloftrapsThisisanInternetage,andwewantyoutodiscoverstorieswithusonline……………………………(LikeourFacebookpageandfollowusnowonTwitter@tmtpostenglishandonMedium@TMTpostandonInstagram@tmtpost_englishandonAppleNews@TMTpost.)[Thearticleispublishedandeditedwithauthorizationfromtheauthor@ZhuLingyu@flybutchery,pleasenotesourceandhyperlinkwhenreproduce.]TranslatedbyLevinFeng(SeniorTranslatoratPAGETOPAGE),workingforTMTpost.更多精彩内容,或者下载App-香港、澳门新会员可透过全新进化的ManulifeMOVE计划拥有AppleWatch,尊享健康活力新体验香港2017年2月15日电--宏利为香港及澳门的客户进一步带来ManulifeMOVE(MOVE)的崭新体验,透过AppleWatch的个人化介面和强大的健身及健康功能,成为首家在港澳两地市场推出AppleWatch应用程式的保险公司。

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